What is Oleoresin Capsicum?

Oleoresin Capsicum is the oil taken from the placenta near the stem of a pepper. Oleoresin Capsicum is the active ingredient used in most self-defense sprays.

What are Capsaicin & Capsaicinoids?

Oleoresin Capsicum is comprised of several different Capsaicinoids. The Capsaicinoid responsible for providing the pungency or hottness of a pepper and in turn “Pepper Spray” is called Capsaicin. Therefore, it is the percentage of the total capsaicinoids and capsaicin, not the Capsicum percentage that is important. Oleoresin Capsicum percentages only measure the amount of red pepper contained in the defense spray, not the pungency or effectiveness of the product.

Which is better CS or CN tear gas?

“Super CS Military Tear Gas” offers numerous advantages over CN “Mace” tear gas. Because of these advantages, the US Department of Defense switched from using CN tear gas to CS in the late 1950’s. CS offers the following advantages over CN/Mace.

CS takes effect quicker.

CS is more potent, but less toxic.

CS is extremely effective even in low concentrations.

If blended formulations are more effective, why do many law enforcement agencies carry OC only products?

Law Enforcement officers have different objectives for carrying defense sprays than do civilians. For civilians, besides hand to hand combat, self-defense sprays are usually the first, and only means of defense available. For this reason, it is absolutely imperative that civilians carry the most effective products possible. Ideally, the spray will completely incapacitate the attacker and allow the victim to escape and call the police. If the attacker is able to contact local law enforcement immediately, there is a very good chance that the law enforcement officers will be able to apprehend the attacker. If not, a description and an ultraviolet dye will mark the attacker to the scene of the crime. Civilians should carry a defense spray which incapacitates the attacker for as long as possible.

Law Enforcement officers carry defense sprays as their first means of defense. They use them with the intent to immediately gain control of a perpetrator. After the perpetrator is restrained by hand-cuffs, there is no need for the perpetrator to continue feeling the effects of the spray. Because the effects caused by tear gas and tear gas / red pepper blended sprays last longer, many agencies opt for OC only products because they dissipate quicker.

Are Law Enforcement Defense Sprays significantly more potent than civilian products?

There are significant differences in potency from one defense spray to the next. However, civilians have access to defense sprays with the same potency as carried by agencies using the strongest available formulations. Please keep in mind that many agencies carry defense sprays for quick takedown and quick decontamination. Other departments opt for the strongest formulation possible. Either way, consumers are able to purchase products of the same strengths.

Though many agencies carry the SABRE defense sprays, there is not an agency in the United States that is carrying a blended formulation which is stronger than SABRE.

For how long do most units fire?

On average, all SABRE units fire approximately 75% longer than the industry average. For example, the average ½ oz canister fires for approximately 5 seconds. All SABRE ½ oz units fire for at least 25 seconds! A ½ oz canister is the most popular size carried among civilians.

For how long will most products last?

All aerosol products will eventually lose pressure over time. Most defense sprays last for only two years from their manufacturing date. Because all SABRE products use only the best available components and formulation ingredients, all SABRE products are guaranteed for up to four years!

How far do most products fire?

Depending upon the wind, most defense sprays using a stream spray pattern fire ten to twelve feet. Defense sprays using a cone/mist spray fire from six to ten feet.

Will defense sprays work on dogs?

Oleoresin Capsicum will incapacitate animals. The OC used in SABRE can incapacitate dogs.

Will this work on individuals under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs?

Oleoresin Capsicum will temporarily blind an attacker and restrict normal breathing. Therefore, even if the attacker is under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs, defense sprays using OC are capable of causing incapacitation.

What sort of testing has been done on your products?

Each of our defense spray products have been tested by independent laboratories for the following:

Dermal Irritation

Eye Irritation

OC pungency


In addition, numerous other tests are performed on every defense spray canister that we produce. For example, a crimp, weight, pressure, and temperature test is performed on every SABRE canister.

What are Scoville Heat Units (SHUs)?

Scoville Heat Units are another method used to measure the pungency of defense sprays. The Habanero is the hottest chili pepper, measuring 325,000 SHUs. Both SABRE & SABRE Red measure 2,000,000 SHUs which is over six times hotter than a habanero.

The most effective means of determining a defense sprays pungency is to consider each of the following:

Capsaicin Percentage

Percentage of Major Capsaicinoids

Scoville Heat Units

Oleoresin Capsicum Percentage

How long should I fire the can at the attacker?

It is recommended that the canister be fired until the attacker is incapacitated. Once the attacker is stopped, escape immediately and call the police.

Why are defense sprays different prices? Aren’t they all the same?

There are many differences from one defense spray to the next. Here are the four most important features to consider when purchasing a defense spray:


We recommend that consumers carry the SABRE formulation because of its unique blend of CS Military Tear Gas, Red Pepper & UV Dye. SABRE takes effect quicker, produces a more intense effect, and outlast the effects of all other defense sprays.


The canister you carry should contain as much product as possible to allow you to test fire your unit and stop multiple attackers if necessary. SABRE’s smallest canisters, the pen and ½ oz key-ring units, fire for 17 and 25 seconds, respectively. Our competitors’ products do not come close.


The longer the product is effective, the more value it has for you the consumer. SABRE is guaranteed to be effective for up to four years!


An easy to use safety is a must to prevent accidental discharge from occurring. Every SABRE unit contains a safety which can be unlocked and fired with one hand, in one fluid motion.

Are there any restrictions governing the use and sale of personal defense sprays?

There are certain restrictions in some areas of the country. The following states each have varying restrictions: HI, MA, MI, NY & WI. We suggest that individuals also familiarize themselves with their local laws.